Dug well protection work in Baiga Chak (Dindori, Madhya Pradesh)

by WaterAid


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Introduction to Baiga

The Baiga tribal community in Madhya Pradesh prides itself for being self-provisioning and nearly self-sufficient. Living and prospering for generations in the resource-rich highland forest region of Dindori, the tribe relies on the dense forest’s flora and fauna for its sustenance. Over the years, they have developed land and water resources around these forests to ensure survival.


This may seem like a rosy picture. But in reality, it’s not. The Baiga community is facing the same challenge as 600 million other Indians. There is one basic human need, which when met, drives prosperity, productivity and longevity of survival faster than anything else – access to clean water.


Almost 2 lakh lives are lost every year due to the lack of access to clean water. In Baiga Chak (comprising 52 villages), home to the Baiga community, people depend on springs and dug wells for drinking water. This is where their problems begin –


  • Spring and dug wells are open sources and, hence, often contaminated with bacteriological pathogens


  • During monsoon, as all contaminants from ground (often containing human and animal faeces as the area is still not free from open defecation) flow into the nearby water body, people fall sick from water-borne diseases like diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid


  • Due to inaccessibility of adequate medical help in these confined settlements, people even lose their life if they contract these diseases

WaterAid is launching a campaign to protect all open water sources like springs and dug wells in Baiga Chak. Our aim is to provide drinking water security to one of the most marginalised populations of India.

What we will do

  • Mapping water resources for community – Map water sources that are available in terms of their seasonality, distance and dependence of families for the villages to narrow down on dug well resources for renovation.
  • Formation of water user group for operation and maintenance – For maintenance, sustainability and long-term protection of the water sources, formation of water user group amongst village community
  • Technical training of water user group – Provide Technical training to the water covering various technical aspects of the dug well functioning, its construction and maintenance.


WaterAid India wants to raise a complete goal of INR 650,000 covering 5 units of Baiga Chak community This will be utilised in the following activities

  • Protection of 5 dug wells, covering 300 families (approx.) – INR 300,000
  • Support villages in installation of piped water supply through connecting wells to solar pumps so that water can be lifted and provided at hamlet level through piped connection. – 350,000 INR


Globally 844 million people lack access to clean water. India alone accounts for 163 million1. In India, only 57% of the population has access to water available on the premises and only 31% of the rural population has access to piped water supply. The burden of collecting water falls mainly on women who walk many rounds and long distances simply to get access to clean water. Access to clean water closer home can give people the time and resources to find jobs, learn new skills and run successful businesses. It helps them break free from poverty and change their lives for good. Access to clean water helps babies make it through their vulnerable first five years, gives new mums the best chance of survival and gives everyone in a family a fighting chance to avoide waterborne diseases. When clean water is easily accessible at school premises for drinking and washing, children do not drop out, which enables them to study and gives them a chance to live their dreams and build a better future for themselves and their families. Access to clean water is critical to help people live their lives to the fullest. WaterAid is an international non-profit, determined to make clean water, decent toilets and good hygiene normal for everyone, everywhere within a generation. Only by tackling these three essentials in ways that last, can people change their lives for good. Since 1986, In 2017-18, it reached 209,971 people with access to clean water and 474,910 people with access to decent sanitation. WaterAid India is registered as Jal Seva Charitable Foundation (JSCF) in the country as a not-for-profit company and is an associate member of WaterAid International. In 2016-17, WaterAid India reached to 6,03,716 people with access to clean water, 11,71,524 people with access to toilets and 15,66,669 people with hygiene education. Clean water, decent toilets and good hygiene are basic human rights. They should be a normal part of daily life for everyone, everywhere – but they aren't. That's why we're here. To know more about who we are and what we do www.wateraidindia.in *Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation by WHO and UNICEF
Audited Financials 2017-18
Engineering Staff College of India I acknowledge Water Aid India to be a valuable partner in the implementation of the WASH projects that aims to provide access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene in the districts/communities of State of Telangana. We are aware of Water Aid’s work in the past few years as a strong WASH partner with sound Technical knowhow Capable of taking up hardware installations in WASH Sector. Water Aid India has a wide outreach and commendable research work and programs around critical WASH themes done across different states of India and their international network and outreach is well known. I admire the policy as well as program changes that Water Aid could leverage for improving quality of life of the most needy communities through their community level WASH interventions advocacy initiatives. I am also thankful to them for the valuable insights that they have provided to improve our programs and partnerships. As a joint partner Engineering Staff college of India (ESCI) a National Key Resources Centre (KRC) empaneled with Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS) Govt. of India desires to take up large scale initiatives in WASH Sector with its strong technical expertise. I wish Water Aid great success in all their future endeavours and look forward to greater cooperation for our ongoing collaboration with Water Aid.
Sl No. Name Designation


Sumit Bose Chairperson


Ravi Narayanan Director


Sara Ahmed Director


Shankar Narayanan Director


Ireena Vittal Director


Mathew Cherian Director


Nitin Nagesh Pai Director

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